## Physics Course Descriptions (PHYS)

This site contains descriptions of all courses approved by the Department of Physics at Bitzeit University which have been offered in the last four years. Many courses listed here are not offered every semester. Please contact the deparment or the registration office to find out whether a course is offered in a given semester. The following is a list of courses offered:

Phys 111, Phys 112, Phys 141, Phys 132, Phys 211, Phys 212, Phys 231, Phys 232, Phys 233, Phys 234, Phys 235, Phys 331, Phys 332, Phys 333, Phys 334, Phys 335, Phys 336, Phys 337, Phys 338, Phys 339, Phys 411, Phys 430, Phys 431, Phys 432, Phys 433, Phys 434, Phys 435, Phys 436, Phys 437, Phys 438.

Phys 610, Phys 621, Phys 632, Phys 633, Phys 635, Phys 636, Phys 730, Phys 731, Phys 732, Phys 733, Phys 734, Phys 735, Phys 736, Phys 830, Phys 831, Phys 860.

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

111 |
General
Physics Lab 1 |
1 |

Survey of basic laboratory techniques and methods; taking measurements, data evaluation and report writing with application to selected experiments in mechanics, heat, optics and electricity (Lab 3hrs.). | ||

112 |
General
Physics Lab 2 |
1 |

Experiments in electricity and
magnetism including electrostatics, magneto-statics, DC and AC circuits
and applied electric circuits (Lab 3hrs.). Prerequisite:
PHYS132 or concurrent, PHYS111 |
||

141 |
General
Physics 1 |
4 |

Newton's laws of motion and
their applications; mechanical conservation laws; motion of rigid
bodies; fluid mechanics, oscillations and the law of universal
gravitation (Lecture 3hrs, Discussion 1hr). Prerequisite:
MATH141 or concurrent |
||

132 |
General
Physics 2 |
3 |

Electrostatics; Magnetic field
and induction; direct and alternating current circuits; dielectrics;
magnetic materials; Introduction to Maxwell's equations and
electromagnetic waves and geometrical optics (Lecture 2hrs, Discussion
1hr). Prerequisite: PHYS141, MATH132 or
concurrent |
||

211 |
General
Physics Lab 3 |
1 |

Experiments in mechanics,
heat, waves and fluids (Lab 3hrs). Prerequisite:
PHYS111, PHYS231 or concurrent |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

212 |
Modern
Physics Lab |
1 |

Experiments in modern physics
and physical optics including atomic spectra, radioactivity and various
quantum phenomena (Lab 3hrs). Prerequisite:
PHYS112, PHYS232 or concurrent |
||

231 |
General
Physics 3 |
3 |

Waves and sound, physical
optics, heat the laws of thermodynamics and the kinetic theory of
gases, introduction to modern physics including relativistic kinematics
and the quantum theory. Prerequisite: PHYS141 |
||

232 |
Modern
Physics |
3 |

Wave-particle duality,
Schrödinger equation, atomic structure and many-electron atoms,
introduction to solid state physics, relativistic dynamics, nuclear
physics and elementary particles and instruments used in their study. Prerequisite:
PHYS231, MATH231 |
||

233 |
Astronomy |
3 |

The Earth and its atmosphere,
the solar system, stars, light dispersion, galaxies, cosmic physics,
instruments used in astronomy. Prerequisite:
PHYS141 |
||

234 |
Medical
Physics |
3 |

Applying physics to hearing,
vision and nervous systems in the human body, use of ultrasonic waves,
lasers, X-rays and nuclear radiation for imaging, diagnosis and
treatment. Prerequisite: PHYS132 |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

235 |
Meteorology |
3 |

Atmosphere structure and
components, winds, clouds, rain, and snow, effects of temperature,
pressure, and humidity, measurement instruments and weather forecasting.
Prerequisite: PHYS141 |
||

331 |
Electromagnetic
Theory 1 |
3 |

Electrostatics, solutions of
Poisson's and Laplace's equations, dielectric media; electrostatic
energy, magnetic induction and Ampere's law, magnetic properties of
matter and magnetic energy, electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's
equations and the wave equation. Prerequisite:
PHYS132, MATH331 |
||

332 |
Electromagnetic
Theory 2 |
3 |

Slowly varying currents,
propagation of electromagnetic waves in infinite and bounded media,
microscopic theory of dielectrics, magnetic materials and optical
dispersion, radiation emission and electrodynamics, Lorentz covariant
formulation of electrodynamics, superconductivity, plasma physics. Prerequisite:
PHYS331 |
||

333 |
Mechanics 1 |
3 |

Kinematics and dynamics of a
particle in one, two and three dimensions with emphasis on the
oscillator and central force problems, Lagrangian formulation and
Hamilton's equations. Prerequisite: PHYS141,
MATH231, MATH331 |
||

334 |
Mechanics 2 |
3 |

Motion of a system of
particles and rigid bodies' gravitation; waves in continuous media;
moving coordinate systems and relativistic dynamics. Prerequisite:
PHYS333 |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

335 |
Optics |
3 |

Electromagnetic waves, matrix
methods in geometrical optics, reflection, refraction and propagation
of light, waveguides, interference, diffraction and polarization,
Fourier optics, coherence theory and an introduction to lasers. Prerequisite:
PHYS231, MATH231 |
||

336 |
Analog
Electronics |
3 |

Transistors (BJTs and FETs)
and their uses in amplifier circuits, multistage amplifier circuits,
operational amplifiers, feedback circuits and their uses in
amplification and oscillator circuits, power supplies (Lecture 2hrs,
Lab 3hrs). Prerequisite: PHYS112, PHYS132 |
||

337 |
Digital
Electronics |
3 |

Circuits with Logic gates and
flip-flops, the design of integrated circuits, memory, A/D and D/A
conversions, microprocessor circuits and digital computers (Lecture
2hrs, Lab 3hrs). Prerequisite: PHYS112 |
||

338 |
Computational
Physics |
3 |

An introduction to the utility
of computers in physics, numerical methods in physics including
numerical differentiation and integration, systems of linear equations,
solutions to ordinary and partial differential equations, modeling and
simulations, Molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Prerequisite:
MATH331, COMP234 |
||

339 |
Automation
Using Computers |
3 |

A general introduction to the
architecture and uses of microcomputers, basics of data acquisition and
control using computers, analog to digital and digital to analog
conversion, data collection and control using communication methods:
parallel and serial techniques, methods of data analysis in
experimental physics, virtual instruments, and advanced programming
techniques for laboratory automation. Prerequisite:
PHYS337 |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

411 |
Seminar in
Physics |
1 |

Papers and talks on selected
topics in physics prepared and given by the students under the
supervision of the physics staff, students are introduced to physics
journals and specialized texts. Prerequisite:
Department approval |
||

430 |
Advanced
Physics Lab |
3 |

Selected advanced level
experiments from various fields of physics aiming at giving the student
more experience in experimental work and exposing him to the methods
and techniques of modern experimental research (Lecture 1hr, Lab 6hrs).
Prerequisite: PHYS212, PHYS336 |
||

431 |
Thermal and
Statistical Physics |
3 |

Statistical description of
systems of particles; statistical thermodynamics with application to
macroscopic thermodynamics, foundations of statistical mechanics with
applications, quantum statistics and ideal gases, kinetic theory and
transport phenomena. Prerequisite: PHYS232 |
||

432 |
Mathematical
Methods of Physics |
3 |

Coordinate systems,
determinants, matrices and group theory; conformal mapping and calculus
of residues, Frobenius method and Green's function solutions of the
differential equations of physics, Sturm-Liouville theory, Hilbert
space and orthogonal functions, integral equations and the calculus of
variations. Prerequisite: PHYS232, MATH332 |
||

433 |
Quantum
Mechanics |
3 |

Foundations and basic
postulates of the quantum theory, Schroedinger's wave equation with
applications to one dimensional problems, coordinate and momentum
representation, the formal structure of quantum mechanics, angular
momentum, central forces and matrix representation. Prerequisite:
PHYS232, PHYS333 |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

434 |
Atomic and
Molecular Physics |
3 |

Methods of approximation in
quantum mechanics, angular momentum coupling schemes in atoms and
molecules, hyperfine structure of energy levels, vibrational and
rotational spectra Stark effect and experimental methods in
spectroscopy. Prerequisite: PHYS433 |
||

435 |
Nuclear
Physics and Elementary Particles |
3 |

The deuteron; nuclear forces,
nuclear models with applications, theories of alpha beta decays and
gamma transitions and decay constants, nuclear reactions and elementary
particles. Prerequisite: PHYS433 or concurrent |
||

436 |
Solid
State Physics |
3 |

Crystal structure and diffraction, phonons and lattice vibrations, the free electron model; energy bands in solids, semi-conductors, Fermi surfaces, magnetic properties of crystals and superconductors. Prerequisite: PHYS433 or concurrent. | ||

437 |
Independent
Study in Physics |
3 |

Independent study or research
conducted by the student under the guidance of a staff member. A
written report is required. Prerequisite: Fourth
year standing and department approval |
||

438 |
Special
Topic in Physics |
3 |

Study of topics in physics
selected according to the interests and needs of students and
availability of staff (Lecture 3hrs, or 1hr, Lab 6hrs). Prerequisite:
Department approval |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

610 |
Research
Methodology |
1 |

Principles of research and the scientific method, literature searching and scientific writing, accuracy and scientific honesty | ||

621 |
Mathematical
Physics I |
3 |

Vector and tensor analysis, Diagnolization of matrices, functions of a complex variable, calculus of residues, Sturm-Liouville Theorem, Gamma and Beta functions. | ||

632 |
Classical
Mechanics |
3 |

Variational principle, Lagrangian Mechanics, constraints, symmetry and conservation laws, non-potential forces, scattering, linear oscillations, Hamiltonian formulation, canonical transformations, Poisson Brackets. | ||

633 |
Electromagnetic
Theory I |
3 |

Electrostatics, boundary value problems, multipole expansions, microscopic model of matter, magnetostatics. | ||

635 |
Quantum
Mechanics |
3 |

Mathematical formulation of quantum theory, the simple harmonic oscillator, theory of angular momentum, the hydrogen atom, time-independent and time dependent perturbation theory, identical particles, scattering theory. |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

636 |
Statistical
Mechanics |
3 |

Statistical basis of thermodynamics; micro-canonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles; classical statistical mechanics; quantum statistical mechanics, theory of the density matrix; fluctuations, noise, irreversible thermodynamics; transport theory; application to gases, liquids and solids. | ||

730 |
Electromagnetic
Theory II |
3 |

Maxwell's equations, potentials and gauge transformations; electromagnetic waves; wave guides; electromagnetic radiation; relativistic electrodynamics. Prerequisite: PHY 633 | ||

731 |
Mathematical
Physics II |
3 |

Partial differential equations, Green's function, Bessel functions, Legendre functions and the spherical harmonics, Hermite and Laguerre functions, Fourier series, group theory. Prerequisite: PHY 621 | ||

732 |
Atomic and
Molecular Physics |
3 |

Atomic structure, Hartree-Fock approximation, Thomas-Fermi model, Stark and Zeeman effects, fine and hyperfine structures of atomic spectra, molecular structure and spectra, the interaction of atoms and radiation, first-order and higher-order radiation processes, laser theory, Bose-Einstein condensation. | ||

733 |
Solid State
Physics |
3 |

Structure of condensed matter and scattering of various particles, electronic band structure of solids, motion of band electrons in external fields, superconductivity, magnetism, dielectric properties of materials. |

Course Number |
Course Name |
Credit Hours |
---|---|---|

734 |
Nuclear and
Particle Physics |
3 |

Nuclear stability and the structure of nuclei, the Shell model and nuclear excitations, the Parton Model and Feynman diagrams, cross- sections, high-energy scattering processes and particle production, elementary particles and the forces between them, Quarks and Leptons, weak, electromagnetic, and strong interactions, symmetries and different flavors, introduction to different experiments built to study particles and the techniques used, classification of particles. | ||

735 |
Quantum
Field Theory |
3 |

Classical fields, Lorentz and translation symmetry and conservation laws, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations, functional integral formulation of field theories, field quantization, relativistic wave equations and their solutions, bosons and fermions, Dirac equation and fields, scalar, vector, tensor and spinor fields and their associated particles, path-integral formalism, perturbation theory, scattering and decay of particles, Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) and introduction to non-abelian gauge field theories. Prerequisite: PHY 632 and 635 | ||

736 |
Special
Topics |
3 |

An advanced course in a selected Physics topic | ||

830 |
Seminar I |
3 |

An advanced study in a field of Physics for non-thesis students. Students taking this option must submit by the end of the course a substantial report or develop a project and present it orally. Prerequisite: Passing at least 12 credit hours | ||

831 |
Seminar II |
3 |

An advanced study in a field of Physics for non-thesis students. Students taking this option must submit by the end of the course a substantial report or develop a project and present it orally. The project can be either a continuation of Seminar I or different from it. Prerequisite: Passing at least 12 credit hours | ||

860 |
Thesis |
6 |

Students in the Master's program in the thesis track must submit and successfully defend a Master's thesis in a field of interest in Physics. The program council must have approved the topic of the thesis. (For students with thesis track only).Prerequisite: Passing at least 12 credit hours & the permission of the department. |